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Saints Cyril and Methodius in front of the Moravian king and queen Rastislavom Miloslavo upon arrival in Velehrad By Anselm Wisiak [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

February 14

Saints Cyril, Monk, and Methodius, Bishop

Memorial

Today we celebrate the memorials of St. Cyril, Monk, and his brother St. Methodius, Bishop. Both brothers had appointments in the Byzantine civil service before embracing monastic life. The brothers were sent as missionaries to Moravia. There they translated the liturgical books into the Slavonic language; to do so they had to invent a new script. Then, while they were traveling to Constantinople to seek ordination, the pope invited them to Rome. The pope ordained Methodius and sanctioned their translation of the liturgy. Cyril died in Rome in 869 and was buried in the church of San Clemente. Methodius returned to Moravia, where he was later appointed archbishop. Before his death in 884, Methodius had translated almost the entire Bible into Slavonic. Pope John Paul named them patrons of Europe, along with St. Benedict.[1][2]

Written by Sarah Ciotti and Fr. Hugh Feiss, OSB, STD
[1] Catholicpedia: The Original Catholic Encyclopedia (1917) for iPhone, iPad, and iPod Touch. s.v. “Sts. Cyril and Methodius.”
[2] Fr. Hugh Feiss, OSB, STD, The Martyrology of the Monastery of the Ascension, 2008.

The English translation of The Liturgy of the Hours (Four Volumes) ©1974, International Commission on English in the Liturgy Corporation. Readings and Old and New Testament Canticles (except the Gospel Canticles) are from the New American Bible © 1970 Confraternity of Christian Doctrine, Washington, D.C.. Used with permission. All rights reserved. The DivineOffice.org website, podcast, apps and all related media follows the liturgical calendar for the United States. The 1970 edition of the New American Bible as published in the Liturgy of the Hours is approved for use only in the United States. DivineOffice.org website, podcast, apps and all related media is © 2006-2022 Surgeworks, Inc. All rights reserved.

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